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Spin-off from Military to Civil

Alternative Way for the Denuclearization of Korea Peninsula

Dr. Hojye Kang, Freie Universität Berlin, Institut für Koreastudien

Is Sanctions the Only one Solution for the Denuclearization of North Korea? Numerous sanctions have been adopted by U.N. to prevent North Korea from nuclear armament. The level of North Korean nuclear power, however, has become advanced more and more. Sanctions were employed under the judgment that cutting off supplies from outside would naturally cut off the flow of nuclear armament or stop the flow of nuclear weapons on its own. However, North Korea continued nuclear tests six times and the level of the test-fired missiles grew up.

Sanctions have rather had unexpected side-effects. Humanitarian measures have been severely damaged, causing more damage to women and children. The policies, which failed to consider the inside situation of North Korea and introduced only with superficial information, have caused unintended damage. Moreover, it has seriously destroyed measures for peaceful inter-Korean relations. The lack of communication has only built up concerns.

Science-Technology has two sides. Science-technology can be used for peace and also for war. It is depending on the intentions of the person who uses it. Nuclear weapon is a typical result of utilizing science-technology for warfare. It could be used for peace, such as non-destructive tests, cancer treatments, and advanced automated machineries.

Spin-off from Military to Civil might be another alternative solution for the Denuclearization of North Korea. The capacity of developing nuclear weapons could be reduced gradually if a peaceful environment would be made for the transition of various resources from military to civil. The helpful environment for transition allows scientists and technologists who engaged in nuclear weapons to concentrate on developing civil products, the equipments and materials to spin-off from military to civil. It aims to encourage the peaceful use of science-technology while reducing or stopping the flow used in warfare and putting it in areas where it can be objectively managed.

North Korea already showed a tendency to make peaceful use of science-technology. North Korea has executed the policy actively promoting economic development strategies through science-technology and education, especially through the spin-off of the military to the civil. It is usually more effective to encourage what you want to do rather than force what you don't want to do. Therefore, it could be said that encouraging the peaceful use of science-technology is far more advantageous to achieve the goal, denuclearization because the North Korean leadership would respond more positively to the policy.

In addition, encouraging the peaceful use of science-technology could be the core of a unified economy and a peaceful economy as well as the denuclearization of North Korea. Future vision of both Koreas looks similar in their actively utilization of high science-technology. South Korea's Fourth Industrial Revolution and North Korea's New Century Industrial Revolution are actively utilizing the information technology, including A.I., to bring about positive changes not only within industry areas but also in the whole society. Instead of tying North Korea to the role of simply providing cheap labor and abundant natural resources, encouraging the active use of their science-technology could lead to greater development of a unified economy and a peaceful economy.


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